What protection measures does the Directive establish?

The Directive requires Member States to take the necessary measures to prohibit any type of retaliation, including threats and attempts to retaliate, whether direct or indirect.

The Directive expressly refers, among others, to suspensions, dismissals, dismissals or equivalent measures; degradation or denial of promotion; change of job, change of location of job, salary reduction or change of work schedule; denial of training; imposition of any disciplinary action; discrimination, marginalization or unfair treatment ...

Article 19 of the Directive

The Directive also refers to support measures, such as access to independent information and advice of a general nature on the procedures and resources available for protection against reprisals and on the rights of the person concerned; access to effective assistance associated with retaliation protection and access to legal assistance.

It also refers to the fact that Member States may provide financial assistance and support, including psychological support, in the framework of a judicial process.

Article 20 of the Directive

The Directive also contains provisions on the disclaimer of alerting persons, if certain conditions are met, for example that they had reasonable grounds to believe that the reporting or disclosure of the information was necessary to disclose a violation under the Directive.

Article 21 of the Directive