How does the Law protect reporters?

(Articles 36, 37 and 38 and preamble)

On the one hand, the Law protects reporters by making safe channels available to them. It guarantees confidentiality regarding identity and even supports that information can be provided anonymously.

On the other hand, it expressly prohibits acts of retaliation and establishes protection and support measures. Regarding the protection measures, it guarantees (in a limited way) that you will not incur liability for the fact of reporting. In addition, it introduces a reversal of the burden of proof so that, in reporters injury proceedings, the injury is presumed to have occurred in retaliation for reporting or making a public disclosure. Whoever has taken the measure in question is the one who must prove that there are justified reasons and that these are not linked to public communication or disclosure.

Additionally, the regulations guarantee the inalienability of the rights recognized to the reporter.